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نمایش نتایج: از 1 به 2 از 2

موضوع: سنسور گاز

  1. #1
    2012/06/19
    کاشان
    30
    0

    سنسور گاز

    ا سلام
    من میخواهم از خروجی سنسور گاز mq5 و mq7 ولتاژی که می گیرم را با یک فرمول به انداز ppm تبدیل کنم . اگر کسی اطلاعی داره لطفا راهنمایی کنه. :angry: :angry:
  2. #2
    2012/06/19
    کاشان
    30
    0

    پاسخ : سنسور گاز

    مثل اینکه کسی نمی خواد جواب بده پس خودم دست به کار می شوم . توی یک سایت خارجی تمامی محاسبات لازم برای بدست آوردن غلظت گاز از روی روابط مبتنی بر دیتا شیت MQ7 که سنسور مونواکسید هست رو حساب کرده . این روابط برای سایر سنسور ها مثل MQ5 هم درسته فقط باید اعدادش را عوض کرد .

    این هم توضیحاتش
    MQ-7 Carbon Monoxide Gas Sensor

    The MQ-7 gas sensor measures concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO).

    The MQ-7 sensor heating cycle consists of 5.0V to heater for 60 sec, followed by 1.4V for 90 sec (a total cycle of 2.5 minutes). If temperature is low or humidity high, run heater on low always. Fully wet or frozen will destroy the ceramic.

    After three heating cycles, the sensor output is measured prior to the end of the low power (1.4V) portion of the heating cycle.
    [MQ-7 CO gas sensor]

    See link at http://www.savvymicrocontrollersolutions.com/index.php?sensor=mq-gas-sensors for general information about the MQ line of gas sensors and how to make connections to them.
    Background

    In the United States, OSHA limits long-term workplace exposure levels above 50 ppm. The average level in homes is 0.5-5ppm. The level near properly adjusted gas stoves in homes and from modern vehicle exhaust emissions is 5-15ppm. The exhaust from automobiles in Mexico City central area is 100-200ppm. The amount of CO that can be created from the exhaust from a home wood fire is 5000ppm. Concentrations as low as 667ppm may cause up to 50% of the body's hemoglobin to convert to carboxyhemoglobin. A level of 50% carboxyhemoglobin may result in seizure, coma, and fatality.
    Approach

    My circuit utilizes a temperature and humidity sensor in order to provide data to permit correction of the measured output from the sensor to the standard conditions (20C 65% RH) reported by the datasheet for the relationship to concentrations of CO. A buzzer and red LED provide warning when the threshold of 50 ppm is exceeded.
    Connections

    If no ground, then B1 to GDD = 5.0V. With ground connection and in clean air, reading (B1 to GND) is approximately 4500 mV initially, then dropping over time (after burn-in) to 2300. The load resistor = 10 k ohms.
    Sensor Measurement

    The output from the sensor is a measured voltage, Vo. A load resistor RL (10 to 60 k ohms) is in series with a protection resistor (10 k ohms). We will use a load resistor of 10 k ohms. The sensor's resistance Rs and the load resistor RL form a voltage divider. The sensor output voltage is therefore related to the voltage divider rule:

    Vo = RL * Vc / (Rs + RL)

    Vo = output voltage

    Vc = input voltage (5.0 V)

    Solving for Rs:

    Rs = (Vc - Vo) * (RL / Vo)
    Calibration

    The best way to calibrate the device is to take a measurement in an environment with a known concentration (ppm) of CO. The alternative is to calibrate it in clean air (no CO present). To calibrate the sensor in clean air, measure the sensor output and then calculate the Ro value:

    Ro = Rs / Ro_clean_air_factor

    where Ro_clean_air_factor = 10000 ohms.

    Using Rs from the voltage divider equation:

    Rs = ((Vc - Vo) * RL) / Vo

    Rs = sensor resistance

    RL = load resistor value in ohms (10 k)

    Vc is the supply voltage, 5.0 V

    Vo is the output voltage measured from the sensor

    Substituting Rs above into the first equation and solve:

    Ro = Rs / Ro_clean_air_factor

    Ro = [((Vc - Vo) * RL / Vo ]/ Ro_clean_air_factor)

    Ro = [(Vc - Vo) * RL ] / (Vo * Ro_clean_air_factor)

    Note that from the datasheet, at a very low concentration of 100 ppm, Rs/Ro = 1.0 @ 20 C and 65% RH (RL = 10 k ohm). Lower Rs/Ro values correspond to higher concentrations of CO.

    With a calibrated value for Ro, you may now take readings of the air, calculate the value Rs from the Vo measurement, and then compare the ratio Rs/Ro to the table from the datasheet to get the CO concentration in ppm.

    Rs = (Vc - Vo) * (RL / Vo)
    Deriving CO concentration from the sensor reading

    The data sheet provides a graph for CO concentration in ppm versus Rs/Ro for the condition of 20 C and 65% RH. If you fit a curve to the values provided, you find that:

    Rs/Ro = 22.07 * (CO ppm) ^ -0.667

    To solve for CO concentration, you use natural logs. Then:

    CO ppm = [(Rs/Ro)/22.07]^(1/-0.0667)

    You can use the above equation to determine the CO concentration from a provided Rs/Ro measured value at 20 C and 65% RH. If your measured Rs/Ro value is outside of 20 C and 65% RH, then you need to adjust your measured values to those standard conditions.

    The datasheet also provides Rs/Ro for various temperatures and two relative humidity values of 33% and 85%. If you plot the values in the curves and fit a curve to them, you can derive an equation to predict the Rs/Ro values at 33% RH and 85% RH for a specified temperature.

    Rs/Ro @ 33% RH = 5.93e-6*(degC)^3+5.33E-4*(degC)^2-1.82E-2*(degC)+1.02

    Rs/Ro @ 85% RH = 7.413e-8*(degC)^3+1.14E+4*(degC)^2-1.14E-2*(degC)+1.03

    If you interpolate between the two RH values (33% & 85%), you can determine the Rs/Ro value at 20C and 65% RH
    .
نمایش نتایج: از 1 به 2 از 2

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